Start page

Knowledge on Ukraine

What and where to read


How to use this site

First steps

1. Use Google full text search for our site – a window located on the right side of the header.

2. Use full text search with the engine of our site.

3. Try to use advanced search suited to structure information of the site.

4. If you know the name of the person who interests you – go to "Persons and use the general alphabet.

5. If you know the geographical name that interests you – go to "Geographic features and use the general alphabet.

Guide structure

The site consists of a set of directories and bibliographic records.

It uses three main directories:

- systematic (subject) directory;

- geographical features directory;

- persons directory;

Abbreviations directory regarded as secondary.

Everyone can view the directory, starting with the corresponding root page. Systematic director has a hierarchical structure, and other directories are mostly linear (flat) structure, though in principle they can be hierarchical.

A set of bibliographic records is linear (flat). It does not have an own navigator. Access to these records through links from directories or pages of SERPs.

Structure of articles

Each entry in the director includes a description of this term and beyond – a list of bibliographic records, which link to it. In the personal directory first followed the person's works (records, where it acts as an author) and then – "Biography" (works, where it acts as leader, as the subject descriptions).

Description of the term consists of the name, short explanation, the image, which may have its own signature, historical period to which that term belong. Geographical object contains the URL to mapping site with this object. An abbreviations directory containing the full name of abbreviation. All elements of description, but names are optional and may be absent.

A long list of bibliographic records divided into portions of 10 records.

Bibliographic record consists of the following elements: author(s), title of work, citation, ciphers of libraries, language, historical period, summary of content, categories (refer to elements of systematic, geographic and personal directory), links to the full text.

There are title and citation of work required, the remaining items – optional.

References to a particular directory may be missing, but overall record must be referenced to at least one element of at least one directory (otherwise what it does here, if does not connected with anything?).

Abbreviations that may be in the elements of "citation", "ciphers of libraries", "abstract" contents, are automatically recognized and formatted as a link to the abbreviations directiry items.

Multi-language questions

The site supports three interface languages: Ukrainian, Russian, English. While switch to the appropriate language, you get a web page where all the auxiliary items recorded in the appropriate language.

In the bibliographic record elements "the author(s)", "title of work", "citation", "ciphers of libraries" are in the original language, ie the one that printed the appropriate work. They do not change when you change the interface language. The remaining items served in the interface language or a language which is closest to latter. For example, if annotation is represented in all three languages, it will be displayed in an interface language, but if it represented only one (say, Ukrainian), it will be shown regardless of the interface language.

Note: our site does not automatically translate information in an interface language. As the editors of the site makes the translations, they appear on the site. For quick approximate translation you can use your favorite online translator.

Sort Records

Lists of bibliographic records can be sorted by:

  • author;
  • title;
  • year of publication;
  • historical period start date;
  • historical period end date;
  • geographic names;
  • persons.

This applies both to static lists of items in directiries, and dynamic lists generated during the search.